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A popkultúra valóban okosabbá tesz?


Steven Johnson az Everything Bad Is Good for You: How Today’s Popular Culture Is Actually Making Us Smarter című könyvében azt állítja, hogy a popkultúra okosabba tesz. Ennek (vagy ennek is) köszönhető, hogy az átlag IQ nőt az 1950-es évektől a 2000-es évek elejéig.

A kijelentései, ha vitathatók is, mindenképpen elgondolkoztatóak: a populáris kultúránál nem a tartalmat kell nézni (az valóban lehet erőszakos, leegyszerűsítő vagy bármi, amit a popkultúrára mondani szokás), hanem a struktúrát. Egyre komolyabb kognitív erőfeszítéseket kell tenni a popkultúra új típusú alkotásainak befogadásához, ez tesz okosabbá.

Konkrétabb példákat is hozott a professzor – vicces egy idősödő, őszes úrtól azt hallgatni, mire jó a GTA… Ugyanis elsőként videójátékos példákat hozott, ahol folyamatosan döntéseket kell hozni (elméletet felállítani, kipróbálni, elvetni vagy követni) és priorizálni célok és feladatok között. Így leszel egyszerűen konkrétan okosabb egy komplex játéktól.

A példák közül azonban izgalmasabbak a filmek-sorozatok. A hipotézis szerint azok is egyre komplexebbek. Egyfelől mert egyre több mindent kell a nézőnek kiegészítenie, egyre kevesebb a nyom, egyre jobban keverednek a zsánerek.. stb. Másfelől a karakterek viszonyai, kapcsolati hálói is összetettebbek. Ha bárki próbált mondjuk a Trónok harcához kapcsolati hálót rajzolni, ebben is valószínűleg van valami…

Az egészben a lényeg a “collateral learning”, vagyis a járulékos tanulás, amikor úgy leszel okosabb, hogy észre sem veszed. Ez minden tanár álma. Csak azt nem tanították, hogy erre a popkultúra milyen jó. Persze az elméletnek csomó kritikája is van: képtelenség bebizonyítani, hogy a jobb táplálkozástól, az összetettebb környezettől vagy egy jó képregénytől nőtt az IQ. Mert ráadásul az utóbbi években nemhogy nőtt, még csökkent is az átlag intelligencia – ezt bárki elhiszi, aki szokott rendszeresen BKV-zni Budapesten. Arról a szempontról nem is beszélve, hogy nem csak a popkultúra komplex, hanem egy klasszikus film is, tehát ennyi erővel MINDENTŐL okosabb leszel.


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